Operation Shingle (January 22, 1944) was an Allied amphibious landing in the Italian Campaign against German forces in the area of Anzio and Nettuno, Italy. The operation was commanded by American Major General John P. Lucas and was intended to outflank German forces of the Winter Line and enable an attack on Rome. The operation of Operation Perch, a very costly offensive in human life, symbolizes the difficulty of the British to break through the front in the region of Caen and the German resistance which holds despite the destructive allied aviation. In June 1944, the British adapt themselves to the opportunities presented to them, hoping to launch the German forces had been routed during the Allied break-out from Normandy.The Allies advanced rapidly against an enemy that put up little resistance. But after the liberation of Paris in late August 1944, the Allies paused to re-group and organise before continuing their advance from Paris to the River Rhine.The pause allowed the Germans to solidify their lines—something they had been unable
February 16 was set as the date for the renewed counteroffensive at Anzio with some 125,000 German troops–about 20 percent more than the Allies possessed. Two diversionary attacks were launched, while the main assault came down the Albano-Anzio road toward Maj. Gen. William Eagles’ 45th Division. Southern France Operation Dragoon was the Allied invasion of southern France on 15 August 1944, during World War II. The invasion was initiated via a parachute drop by the 1st Airborne Task Force, followed by an amphibious assault by elements of the U.S. Seventh Army, followed a day later by a force made up primarily of the French First Army.